What is a Neuroma?
A neuroma is often described as a pinched nerve or nerve tumor. It is a benign growth of nerve tissue frequently found between your toes. There is an enlargement of the tissues surrounding the sensory nerves as a result of a compression or trauma to or near a nerve.
What is Morton’s Neuroma?
The most common site is on the ball of the foot between the third and fourth metatarsal bones. There is thickening of the tissue that surrounds the nerve leading to the toes. Symptoms include pain in the ball of the foot, burning, tingling, and numbness on the bottom of the foot. This condition usually occurs as the result of trauma or excessive pressure.
Diagnosis and Examination
History and physical exam by a qualified musculoskeletal expert is the first step. A physician will examine your feet and put pressure on them to try to replicate the pain. Range of motion is often assessed to check for joint inflammation or arthritis. X-rays and MRI are often used to make a diagnosis and to rule out other conditions.
Non-surgical treatment is recommended first. This includes proper footwear, orthotics, special padding or taping at the ball of the foot, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, or cortisone injections. If non-surgical treatments fail, an orthopedic surgeon will discuss surgical treatments.